¿Cómo reaccionaría la comunidad internacional si Rusia decidiera poner una pica en Kiev? La semana pasada nos hacíamos esa pregunta al hilo del referéndum celebrado en Crimea, en el que la gran mayoría de la población de esa región ucraniana votó a favor de la adhesión de la provincia a Rusia. Entonces cerrábamos nuestro análisis con otra cuestión: ¿Volvemos a la Guerra Fría?
Días después, las noticias que nos llegan hablan de maniobras militares de submarinos norteamericanos en el Ártico, de delfines militares cambiando de bando, y de un presidente de EE UU que no oculta su preocupación ante la movilización de tropas rusas y una eventual penetración en zonas del este y el sur de Ucrania.
Obama pide a la UE que se refuerce militarmente frente a la amenaza rusa, y desde el Kremlin se profundiza en el brete anunciando la prohibición de la entrada en el país de legisladores norteamericanos.
Todo el mundo concluye que estamos ante la crisis más grave que han vivido las dos superpotencias desde el fin de la Guerra Fría. Vuelven a asomar los fantasmas de aquella era, la que se extendió desde el final de la Segunda Guerra Mundial hasta el desmoronamiento de la URSS, un tiempo que marcó la psicología y la cultura popular de ambos bandos, dejando su huella en infinidad de películas, relatos y canciones en las que la tensión ideológica entre bloques y la amenaza nuclear constante eran protagonistas.
Aquí recuperamos 25 de esas canciones, haciendo un recorrido por cuatro décadas de miedo que esperamos no se repitan.
Scott Peters - "Fallout Shelter" (1961)
“I've got a fallout shelter, it's nine by nine A Hi-Fi set and a jug of wine Let the missiles fly from nation to nation It's party time in my radiation station”.
Barry McGuire - "Eve of Destruction" (1965)
“Don't you understand what I'm tryin' to sayCan't you feel the fears I'm feelin' today?If the button is pushed, there's no runnin' awayThere'll be no one to save, with the world in a graveTake a look around ya boy, it's bound to scare ya boy
And you tell meOver and over and over again, my friendAh, you don't believeWe're on the eveof destruction”.
Bob Dylan - A Hard Rain's a-Gonna Fall (1964)
“Oh, what did you see, my blue eyed son?And what did you see, my darling young one?I saw a newborn baby with wild wolves all around itI saw a highway of diamonds with nobody on itI saw a black branch with blood that kept drippin'I saw a room full of men with their hammers a-bleedin'I saw a white ladder all covered with waterI saw ten thousand talkers whose tongues were all brokenI saw guns and sharp swords in the hands of young childrenAnd it's a hard, it's a hard, it's a hard, and it's a hardIt's a hard rain's a-gonna fall”.
Sex Pistols - "Holidays In The Sun" (1977)
“Sensurround sound in a two inch wallWell I was waiting for the communist callI didn't ask for sunshine and I got World War threeI'm looking over the wall and they're looking at me
Now I got a reason, Now I got a reasonNow I got a reason and I'm still waitingNow I got a reason,Now I got a reason to be waitingThe Berlin Wall”.
David Bowie - "Heroes" (1977)
“I can rememberStandingBy the wallAnd the gunsShot above our headsAnd we kissedAs though nothing could fallAnd the shameWas on the other sideOh we can beat themFor ever and everThen we can be HeroesJust for one day”.
David Bowie - "Subterraneans" (1977)
Kate Bush - "Breathing" (1980)
“Last night In the sky Such a bright light My radar send me danger But my instincts tell me to keep
Breathing (Out, in, out, in, out, in...) Breathing
We've lost our chance We're the first and the last After the blast Chips of plutonium Are twinkling in every lung”.
Devo - "Cold War" (1980)
“I heard it said that all is fair In love and war so what's life for The boy and girl Two separate worlds The endless tug of war
I -i owe-owe you Absolutely nothing”.
XTC - "Generals and Majors" (1980)
“Generals and Majors ah ahLike never before are tired of being actionless.
CallingGenerals and Majors everywhereCallingYour World War III is drawing near
Generals and Majors ah ahThey're never too farAway from men who made the gradeOut in a world of their ownThey'll never come downUntil the battle's lost or made”.
REM - "Radio Free Europe" (1981)
“ Decide: defy the media too fastInstead of pushing palaces to fallPut that, put that, put that up your wallThat this isn't fortunate at all
Radio station: decide yourself
We're calling out in transitCalling out in transitRadio Free Europe (radio)”.
Prince - "Ronnie Talk To Russia" (1981)
“Ronnie, talk 2 Russia before it's 2 late Before it's 2 late, before it's 2 late Ronnie, talk 2 Russia before it's 2 late Before they blow up the world (Ronnie, talk 2 Russia) U can go 2 the zoo, but they can't feed guerillas Can't feed guerillas, left-wing guerillas Go 2 the zoo, but don't feed guerillas Who wanna blow up the world”.
Polanski y el Ardor "Ataque preventivo de la URSS" (1981)
“No, no, no, no, No tengo novia Y no me mola el pacto de Varsovia Ese señor me tiene gato y no me mola el tratado de la NATO.
¿Qué harías tú en un ataque preventivo de la URSS? ¿Qué harías tú en un ataque preventivo de la URSS? ¿Qué harías tú? ¡No sé!”
Abba - "The Visitors (Crackin' Up)" (1981)
“ These walls have witnessedall the anguish of humiliationand seen the hope of freedomglow in shining facesand now they've come to take mecome to break meand yet it isn't unexpectedI have been waitingfor these visitors”.
Rational Youth - "Dancing on the Berlin Wall" (1982)
“ Cold War Night Life - Neutron HopWhere the action never stopsIf you've got a secret you can sell it at the barAnd yes, we'd love to see your microfilm
We're dancing on the Berlin Wall
All you heroes - here's your chanceAll you have to do is danceOn the Alexanderplatz there's a party goin' onHarry Palmer glasses are required”.
Nena - "99 Luftballons" (1983)
“ The war machine springs to lifeOpens up one eager eyeFocusing it on the skyNinety-nine red balloons go by
Ninety-nine Decision StreetNinety-nine ministers meetTo worry, worry, super-scurryCall the troops out in a hurry
This is what we've waiting forThis is it boys, this is warThe President is on the lineAs ninety-nine red balloons go by”.
Men At Work - "It's A Mistake" (1983)
“ Tell us commander, what do you think?'Cos we know that you love all that powerIs it on then, are we on the brink?We wish you'd all throw in the towel
We'll not fade out too soonNot in this finest hourWhistle your favourite tuneWe'll send a card and flowerSaying
It's a mistake, it's a mistakeIt's a mistake, it's a mistake”.
Depeche Mode - "People Are People" (1984)
“ People are people so why should it beYou and I should get along so awfully
So we're different coloursAnd we're different creedsAnd different people have different needsIt's obvious you hate me Though I've done nothing wrongI never even met youSo what could I have done
I can't understandWhat makes a manHate another manHelp me understand”.
Frankie Goes To Hollywood - "Two Tribes" (1984)
“ The air attack warning sounds like. This is the sound.
When you hear the air attack warning, you and your family must take cover
When two tribes go to war, a point is all that you can score (Score no more, score no more) When two tribes go to war, a point is all that you can score (Workin' for the bad guys) Cowboy number one, a born again poor man's son (Poor man's son) On the air America, I modelled shirts by Van Heusen (Workin' for the bad guys)”.
Sting - "Russians" (1985)
“ In Europe and America, there's a growing feeling of hysteriaConditioned to respond to all the threatsIn the rhetorical speeches of the SovietsMr. Krushchev said we will bury youI don't subscribe to this point of viewIt would be such an ignorant thing to doIf the Russians love their children too”.
Ramones - "Bonzo Goes to Bitburg" (1985)
“Bonzo goes to Bitburg then goes out for a cup of teaAs I watched it on TV somehow it really bothered meDrank in all the bars in town for an extended foreign policyPick up the pieces
My brain is hanging upside downI need something to slow me down
If there's one thing that makes me sickIt's when someone tries to hide behind politicsI wish that time could go by fastSomehow they manage to make it last”.
Elton John - "Nikita" (1985)
“Hey Nikita is it coldIn your little corner of the world?You could roll around the worldAnd never find a warmer soul to know
Oh I saw you by the wallTen of your tin soldiers in a rowWith eyes that looked like ice on fireThe human heart a captive in the snow”.
Negativland - "Time Zones" (1987)
"Do you know how many time zones there are in the Soviet Union?
and about power ...
we got so much power now ...
Do you know how many time zones there are in the Soviet Union?
we got so much power now, that's ridiculous.
d'you kn-- do you know how many time zones there are in the Soviet Union?
power, and all that, that's power, we got so much power, that's
Morrissey - "Everyday Is Like Sunday" (1988)
“Trudging slowly over wet sandBack to the bench where your clothes were stolenThis is the coastal townThat they forgot to close downArmageddon - come Armageddon!Come, Armageddon! Come!”.
Billy Joel - "Leningrad" (1989)
“I was born in '49A cold war kid in McCarthy timeStop 'em at the 38th ParallelBlast those yellow reds to hellAnd cold war kids were hard to killUnder their desk in an air raid drillHaven't they heard we won the warWhat do they keep on fighting for?”.
Jesus Jones - "Right Here Right Now" (1990)
“A woman on the radio talked about revolutionWhen it's already passed her byBob Dylan didn't have this to sing about youYou know it feels good to be alive
I was alive and I waited, waitedI was alive and I waited for thisRight here, right nowThere is no other place I want to beRight here, right nowWatching the world wake up from history”